Communicable Disease, TB & STDs

Preventing Communicable Disease, Tuberculosis & Sexually Transmitted Disease

Yadkin County Health Department is committed to investigating reports of communicable diseases, preventing their spread, and reporting them to the state. Services such as sexually transmitted disease screening, sexually transmitted disease treatment, and head lice screening are provided free of charge at the health department.

For additional information or if you have questions about sexually transmitted diseases, communicable diseases, or tuberculosis, please contact by calling:

Phone: (336) 849-7607

Most Recent Information About Zika Virus

Zika is a mosquito-borne virus that is currently causing outbreaks in many countries, including reports of infected women giving birth to babies with birth defects. Zika virus is transmitted by Aedes aegypti and A. albopictus mosquitos. Since 2015, endemic transmission has been occurring in the Western hemisphere. A map of countries and territories with active Zika virus transmission is available.

To date, most cases identified in the continental United States have been among persons with recent travel to an area of ongoing transmission. However, locally-acquired cases have been reported in the U.S. following sexual transmission from male travelers to female non-travelers. The state of Florida does now have an active zone where cases have been acquired locally.

Prevention Measures

  • Women should abstain from having relations with men who have recently traveled to a Zika transmission area. Men can carry Zika virus in the sperm for up to 6 months. If the female is pregnant the CDC recommends no relations. If the woman is not pregnant it is recommend to use protection every time and not to try and get pregnant for 6 months or greater.

  • Travel advisory: Due to reports of microcephaly and other poor outcomes in babies of mothers who
    were infected with Zika virus while pregnant, the CDC recommends the following:
    • Pregnant women should consider postponing travel to areas that are at elevations <2,000 m
      above sea level in countries and U.S. territories where Zika virus transmission is ongoing.
    • Pregnant women and women trying to become pregnant who do travel to these areas should talk to their healthcare providers first and strictly follow steps to avoid mosquito bites during their trip.
  • Mosquito avoidance: The mosquitoes responsible for most Zika virus transmission are not believed to
    be widespread in North Carolina. However, persons being evaluated for Zika virus infection should still
    be advised to use personal protective measures to avoid exposure to mosquitoes during the first 7
    days after symptom onset. These measures include:
    • Avoiding outdoor exposure when mosquitoes are most active. The mosquitoes that transmit Zika virus are aggressive daytime biters, so always use personal preventive measures to prevent bites at all times of day.
    • Using personal preventive measures – i.e., wearing insect repellent with DEET and covering up
    • Remember to "tip and toss" and standing water
    • Do not leave any windows or doors open unless they have a screen